THE IDEOPHONES IN ANAANG LANGUAGE: FROM THE SYNTACTIC POINT OF VIEW

Abstract

From the standpoint of the modern transformational-generative theory grammar is an embodiment of morphology, phonology, syntax and semantics of any natural language. This paper focused attention on the system of rules that controls the occurrences and the distribution of ideophones in Anaang Grammar is used here in the sense of syntax, though some references may be made to other levels, where necessary. By so doing. this work will be more meticulous and exhaustive. As the first detailed research work ever into ideophones in Anaang language, the researchers have made a detailed and painstaking examination and description of these syntactic categories in Anaang language with grammatical implicatins. Ibibio and Anaang languages are mutually intelligible, therefore, the researchers have reviewed the existing literature related to the Ibibio language and ideophones generally but with specific attention on the idcophones in Anaang language. In the course of this research work, the researchers have discovered very striking and peculiar characteristics of ilcophones in Andang language. The methodology has been that of assembling a hulk of data from different sources before evaluating their syntactic behaviour From the researcher’s discoveries, conclusion was drawn with recommendations on the need for the inclusion of this aspect of oral literature in the syllabus of our primary school system.

          Not many researches have been done on the different aspects of Anaang language. In spite of this, it appears not much attention has been paid on ideophones, Even where there is any, most writers on the ideophones tended to concentrate on the phono-semantic aspect with only scant attention to the grammar or syntactic aspect of idcophone. That is, most studies of ideophones pay attention almost exclusively to phonological and semantic features of these words. The analysis of the idcophone from the phono-semantic perspective alone without considering its grammar is incomplete. This has posed a challenge to the researchers’ inquisitive minds. This work intends to examine what makes the idcophones look peculiar- its characteristic nature and the grammar of ideophones in Anaang language. It is necessary to point out as an introductory remark, that for the purpose of this study, the researchers are making use of the definition of Ekere (1987:48) as the operational definition of the ideophone as:

“a lexical item which, while exhibiting certain formal, distributional and semantic characteristics that are distinct from those of non-ideophones, has some formal, distributional and semantic properties with those non ideophones with which it enters into paradigmatic relationship, and to whose grammatical classes it can be assigned”

          The model used in this work is the transformational generative model.

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